Short of building bigger and better internal combustion engines, all you really need to do in order to improve performance in your existing engine is to have a competent automotive fabricator advise you on the best way to install a turbocharger. This can be wildly more or less complex depending on the application. After all, a turbocharger is, in its simplest form, a couple of fans that take wasted exhaust power from your engine and redirect and force it back into your engine to create additional power.
Your vehicle’s engine produces the power needed to propel it by burning fuel in the engine’s cylinders. This is accomplished through a combination of air entering the cylinder to mix with the fuel, creating a small explosion that propels a piston outward which turns the gears and shafts so that your vehicle’s wheels turn. As the piston moves back inward the wasted air and fuel mixture is pumped out of the cylinder as exhaust. One way to improve an engine’s performance might be to simply add more cylinders because the more cylinders you have and the bigger they are, the more fuel you can burn. Another way to achieve this same result is by installing a turbocharger. A turbocharger has rotating shafts inside. Propelled by the exhaust gases, these shafts allow more air to be ‘pumped’ into the engine cylinders, creating ‘boost’. This boost increased the combustion efficiency, thus increasing the power output. Most modern turbochargers are both water cooled and oil cooled for added longevity. The charged air exiting the turbocharger and into the engine can be passed through an ‘intercooler’. The intercooler allows the air going into the cylinders to be cooled down from the exhaust heat temperature.
The cost and complexity of turbocharging your vehicle depend on the platform you are working on, size of your budget and the aimed power output. In simple terms, a low-buck conversion can be achieved by fitting a relatively small turbocharger from a Japanese import such as Mitsubishi Lancer or Subaru WRX. When keeping the boost low (around 5psi of pressure) you can avoid modifying your engine and adding cooling to the mix. With bigger turbos and bigger boost, you may see a need for aftermarket pistons and conrods, upgraded ECU along with everything else (cooling, brakes, suspension…) Once the job is complete, you will need to find a low volume certifier near you to keep all the legalities above board.
Advantages in Installing a Turbocharger
- Turbochargers can be configured to work with any type of engine you may possess whether it be gas or diesel.
- Turbochargers can be installed whether you own a car, an SUV or a truck.
- Turbochargers allow you to garner more power from your engine.
Disadvantages in Installing a Turbocharger
- Turbochargers are going to burn more fuel which means higher fuel costs.
- Turbocharger repairs can be more extensive and costly.
- Turbochargers may produce a delay or “turbo lag” in your acceleration.
Here at Dodson’s Japanese PartsWorld, we’ve worked hard for over three decades to establish ourselves as New Zealand’s go-to source for locating genuine used car parts. Not only that, but our professional team of qualified mechanics will not only install the parts we find for you, but we’ll also take care of all your service and maintenance needs. One aspect of our business you might not be fully aware of is our specialty in locating and procuring quality second hand performance parts for all your high performance upgrades. This includes turbochargers for your vehicle. For those of you not familiar with turbochargers and how they can enhance your vehicle’s performance here’s a basic primer to help you out.
Don’t forget to contact us for any of you online parts needs.