An End of Life Vehicle or ELV is any vehicle that has come to the end of its functional, useful life. End of Life Vehicles can be divided into two categories: Natural ELVs and Premature ELVs. Natural ELVs refer to vehicles that have come to the end of their lives due to natural wearing and tearing. These are usually vehicles that are over 10 years old. Natural ELVs will be de-polluted and then recycled for scrap metal.
On the other hand, Premature ELVs refer to vehicles that have prematurely come to the end of their lives due to unnatural reasons, such as damage from accidents or vandalism, or natural disasters like fires and floods. But unlike Natural ELVs, instead of being recycled as scrap metal, the insurance companies will categorize and approve these vehicles for sale. Premature ELVs will be sold intact as damaged-repairable salvage or for dismantling parts only. However, like Natural ELVs, Premature ELVs must be de-polluted.
How are ELVs de-polluted?
Vehicle de-pollution is a newly developed treatment process that all ELVs, natural and premature, must undertake so that their materials can be recycled and recovered. This is to minimize poor environmental conditions like waste and pollution and to avoid a harmful impact on the environment.
The process of vehicle de-pollution has two main functions. One is the recovery of all positive components and fluids to be recycled and reused, such as fuels, oils, coolants, and both ferrous and non-ferrous metal parts. Two is the removal of all negative elements of a vehicle that are potentially harmful to the environment, such as tires, airbags, and mercury switches.
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